Web frameworks are necessary for building reliable, dynamic websites with both front-end and back-end functionality. It both enables the development of essential web platforms and increases technological complexity. There are several choices for backend frameworks. It might be challenging to locate the ideal one that is both scalable and performant.
We have gathered a selection of well-known backend frameworks that may be applied to the creation of web applications. Find out more by reading on.
Different Types of Web Frameworks:
Web frameworks may be divided into two categories:
Using a front-end or client-side framework will enable you to enhance and create a user interface. It has nothing to do with business logic and doesn’t take into account activity done in the browser.
Using SPAs (Single Page Applications) and front-end development frameworks, you may produce a wide variety of animated qualities. No client-side framework may be identical because of the functions and how they are used.
The back-end framework, sometimes referred to as the server-side architecture, enables the development of landing pages, basic pages, and other forms. In addition to providing output data, it also improves security against online assaults.
The framework depends on accurate and important information to make sure that your programme runs well. The development of backend web pages is made simpler by these crucial features.
What Is Backend Framework?
The backend, sometimes referred to as the server-side framework, is a group of modules and resources that aid in creating the structural structure of a website. It might be quite important to the success of your project and have a substantial influence on how well a web application performs. Backend frameworks are largely used to simplify and accelerate development activities.
Why Use A Backend Framework?
The outcome of software development is automated using backend frameworks. The main application of this framework is in web development.
These backend frameworks are also open-source. To learn more about well-known backend web development frameworks, keep reading.
Best Backend Frameworks to Use in 2022:
The top backend web app frameworks give your web development projects exceptional performance, quick development, and customization. Let’s get into detail about each one!
Using the MVC design, you may build Symfony-based web apps with the help of the open-source PHP framework Laravel. The finest web framework for backend development, according to experts, is this one. You may utilize relational databases with Laravel in addition to app deployment and maintenance services.
Laravel’s Key Features
Laravel’s fundamental features include:
- Security: Security: Using hashed or salted password techniques, Laravel offers strong app security. An encrypted password is made using the Bcrypt Hashing Algorithm. The framework employs pre-made SQL statements to prevent the likelihood of injection attacks.
- Template Engine: Lightweight templates are available from Laravel that may be used to develop content or design layouts. Additionally, it provides widgets that may be modified using CSS or JS code. Simple or complicated parts may be created using the Laravel templates.
- Eloquent Object Relational Mapping: Users of Laravel can choose between a straightforward PHP Active Record implementation and the Eloquent ORM. Instead of writing SQL code, ORM enables app developers to generate database queries using PHP syntax.
- MVC Architecture: To effectively customize business logic and presentation layers, Laravel supports the MVC architecture. MVC provides a wide range of features, enhances security and scalability, and boosts speed.
- Laravel’s Benefits
Here are some reasons for considering about Laravel web development:
- Simple API: SwiftMailer and Laravel work together effortlessly because of its straightforward API. Along with SMTP and Mandrill drivers, it supports SparkPost, Amazon SES, Mailgun, and other services. It can send mail and also comes with PHP mail drivers.
- Authentication: Laravel’s basic setup makes authentication straightforward. Simple administration of authorisation logic and control over resource access are made possible by Laravel.
- Testing: To help with app testing, this framework contains a phpunit.xml file and supports PHPUnit. Laravel offers assistance methods for expressive app testing. Laravel further offers basic simulations of user behavior for app requests, form completion, and link clicks.
- Logs: A preconfigured exception and error management are both included in a Laravel project. Additionally, it helps several log managers and includes the Monolog logging library.
- Cache Backends: Redis, Memcached, and other cache backends are supported by Laravel. It stores cached items in a file system using the file cache driver. You may build many cache setups with Laravel.
2. Gin Gonic
Gin Gonic is a leading Golang framework well-known for producing high-performance APIs. Important libraries and functionalities are present. It is a simple framework that may be used to build REST APIs that perform well.
Gin runs up to 40 times quicker than Martini while having an API similar to Martini. Better performance and productivity are provided by this architecture.
The Key Features of Gin
- Middleware Support: Incoming HTTP requests can be managed using middleware from Gin. Examples are GZIP, Authorization, and Logger. The database receives a message that has been posted.
- JSON authentication: JSON checking requests may be parsed and authenticated by Gin. For instance, the existence of fundamental values.
- Built in Rendering: For rendering HTML, XML, and JSON, Gin offers a simple-to-use API.
- Routes Grouping: Gin makes your routes more efficient. Infinite nesting of groups is also possible without sacrificing performance.
Gin Has Many Benefits
The following are some justifications for choosing Gin Gonic for web development.
- Fast: Gin provides memory-efficient Radix tree-based routing. It provides improved API performance.
- Error handling: Gin enables you to compile every HTTP request error that was made. Once the middleware has written them to a database or log file, it may transfer them across the network.
- No Crash: Gin will identify and correct any issues with HTTP requests. Your server will constantly be accessible.
- Extension: Gin makes it simple to create new middleware. If you’d want more information on creating new middleware, you may check the example code.
3.Ruby on Rails
The open-source Ruby on Rails (often referred to as Rails) framework is used to create web applications. It encourages programmers to employ design principles like DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) and MVC (Model View Controller).
Ruby on Rails: Key Features
These characteristics distinguish Ruby on Rails from other web frameworks.
- Automated testing: Ruby tests are executed on developer-written code. You may do this to save time and guarantee high-quality development.
- Conversion over Configuration: By employing straightforward formal components, RoR enables the construction of complex matching parts.
- Scaffolding: Programmers can choose how an app database should work using this capability. The framework then automatically generates the required code in accordance with the guidelines. This process automatically generates interfaces.
- Localization: Programmers can use this functionality to include pre-designed code into their framework for a significant project.
- Libraries: ROR comes with a number of sizable libraries that give programmers the resources they need to create high-quality AJAX and database access libraries.
Ruby on Rails: Benefits
Here are several reasons for using Ruby on Rails for web development.
- Reliable, Accurate, and Reliable: RoR utilizes test-driven methodologies due to its automated testing function. This feature enables programmers to maintain consistency and make fewer mistakes. This framework is reliable and easy to apply.
- Rapid development: RoR is effective immediately, simplifying several jobs. You can accomplish your aims more quickly. Additionally, it produces a high-quality output faster.
- A large and efficient developer community: You may get assistance from many knowledgeable Ruby on Rails experts for any development problems.
- Scalability and Quality: RoR’s versatility enables developers to handle more challenging and extensive jobs. Even a minor project can be scaled through RoR.
- Great Execution: ROR is a remarkable tool that handles complicated logic and precisely depicts code.
Express.js is a flexible, lightweight Node.js web application framework. It provides a wide range of capabilities that may be applied to both online and mobile apps. Developers utilize the MEAN stack backend framework to create APIs and web applications.
Survey Express was ranked as the most well-liked web framework in 2021 by 23.82% of respondents, according to the StackOverflow Developer.
Numerous prominent businesses, like Myntra, Accenture, and Uber, utilize Express.js.
Express: Key Features
- Middleware: This Express element provides access to the client’s request, database, and other data. It is in charge of more effectively arranging Express.js’ different functionalities.
- Rapid Server Side Development: Numerous Node.js functionalities that are standard across the board are provided through Express. It minimizes development time and saves time.
- Template: Developers may construct dynamic web content with the help of the template engines offered by Express. On the server side, they provide HTML templates to do this.
- Routing: Express provides a sophisticated routing system that makes use of URLs to maintain a website’s state.
- Debugging: Express facilitates the debugging of a web application that has issues.
Express Has Many Benefits
The web development tool Express.js is great.
- Express: You can scale your web application more quickly with Express. You can quickly scale your application with the aid of Node.js and other tools.
- Lower Maintenance Cost: A full-stack JS framework called Express JS Framework makes it possible to handle a web application’s back-end without needing to hire several engineers.
- Community Support: When utilizing Express.js, you may receive assistance because of the robust community support.
- Google V8 Engine Support: The Google v8 engine is compatible with Express.JS. You could expect increased speed and fewer processing errors as a consequence.
One of the greatest is Flask, a Python-based web application framework that makes it easier to develop cutting-edge and reliable online programmes. It is a web server-based WSGI framework, not a web browser.
In 2021, 16.14% of respondents to Statista’s survey identified Flask as the most popular web framework. A further study by JetBrains reveals that 46% of Python developers favour Flask when creating web apps.
Flask: Key Features:-
Flask’s primary features are:
- WSGI Assistance & Templating: With FLASHK, you can construct templates with Jinja2 and a Toolkit for WSGI-compatible web programmes.
- Inbuilt Development Server: In case of a mistake, developers can utilise Python code in the browser thanks to the built-in Flask development server.
- Rapid Deployment and Development: You may easily build up, create, and deploy microservices using the tool Flask. There are fewer layers of abstraction and a slim foundation. Making MVPs is a quick process.
- Minimalistic Flask: Web servers may be easily set up with Flask. It may automatically group essential components.
- RESTful request dispatching: A RESTful extension that comes with Flask makes it simple to build REST APIs. With little boilerplate code, it processes HTTP and RESTful requests well.
Flasks Have Many Benefits:-
The greatest tool for creating web applications is Flask:
- Flexible: To help you increase the responsiveness of your online project, Flask offers a number of URL arguments, dynamic URL parameters, templates, and HTML properties.
- Scalable: With Flask, scalable apps may be created. It can handle a wide range of demands without regard to the adjusting requirements.
- Simple to Learn: Flask is a well-documented, neutral framework that is simple to learn. So, newcomers could pick things fairly quickly.
- Faster Implementation: Exploration is facilitated by Flask by employing cutting-edge technology more quickly. It’s a great framework for experimenting with cutting-edge or novel web development capabilities.
One of the top web frameworks is Django, an open-source Python framework. You are able to build intricate, database-driven websites with this free application. The top Django applications are Washington Post, DropBox, and Spotify.
Site development with Django is a solid option for startups that value excellent web design. The formats for using this framework include HTML, JSON, and XML. The most widely used web development framework in 2021, according to the StackOverflow Designer Survey, was Django.
Django’s Key Features:-
These are the main features of Django.
- Scalability: Django is scalable, enabling Django projects to efficiently handle traffic demand. It also has tools for caching and code reuse.
- Security: SQL injections and CSRF attacks are security problems that Django helps developers avoid.
- Added Battery: Developers may include functionalities using packages rather than writing new code thanks to this exceptional capability. As a result, the developers’ time is freed up to work on other software-related tasks.
- Asynchronous Programming: Python-based Django, which is built on the Model-View Template architecture, offers both reactive and asynchronous programming and is portable.
Use Django while creating web applications for the following reasons:
- SEO Optimized: Applications built using Django may be maintained on servers using URLs rather than IP addresses and are simple to optimize and SEO-friendly.
- Speedy Development: Developers may use several items at once thanks to Django. You don’t have to write unique code for every new capability. It also facilitates the rapid creation of MVPs.
- Support for a Larger Community: The Django community has over 2000 developers. With this support, you’ll get the proper answer more quickly than before.
- Multipurpose Use Cases: You can build any kind of website using Django, from news and social networking sites to content management systems.
Choose the Right Backend Framework:-
These 6 frameworks offer reliable backend assistance for creating web applications. There are other alternative frameworks available, each with advantages and disadvantages. Each project must decide on the best API tech stack for it. It relies on the objectives of your business, the product vision, and user requirements.
To select the ideal backend framework for your company, we advise you to speak with tech professionals.
Pryanka is a Digital Marketing Executive at Sparkout Tech Solutions. She designs marketing strategies with the intention of using high-quality content to educate and engage audiences. Her specialties include social media marketing specialist, SEO, and she works closely with B2B and B2C businesses, providing digital marketing strategies that gain social media attention and increase your search engine visibility.